How to Spur Python 3 Adoption
Update: See the update below for a much easier way to quickly get Distribute and pip installed into a venv.
Recently I thought I’d manually install and try out Python 3 a bit (v3.3.0). After installing a few prereqs, I went through the usual configure/make steps mostly without issue.
For those curious about the details, I made sure I had these prerequisites installed:
libreadline6-dev libsqlite3-dev zlib1g-dev tk8.5-dev libncurses5-dev libexpat1-dev libbz2-dev libdb5.1-dev libgdbm-dev liblzma-dev libssl-dev
cd ~/opt mkdir py-3.3.0 cd src wget http://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.3.0/Python-3.3.0.tgz tar xzf Python-3.3.0.tgz cd Python-3.3.0 ./configure --prefix=/home/john/opt/py-3.3.0 make make test make install cd ~/opt ln -s py-3.3.0 py3 # Add $HOME/opt/py3/bin to my PATH # logout/login # ... # Quick check: python3 -V
and it checks out.
Had one test fail,
FAIL: test_urlwithfrag (test.test_urllib2net.OtherNetworkTests)
but looks like it’s been addressed for forthcoming releases (or else maybe I was supposed to preemptively have
python3on my PATH? Hm.).
I then noticed that Python 3 comes with its own built-in
pyvenv program, an apparent replacement for virtualenv. Nice. Gave it a try:
cd ~/temp mkdir my-proj cd my-proj touch foo.py pyvenv my-env . my-env/bin/activate which pip
Eeek! It points to my system’s Python 2.x /usr/bin/pip. There’s no pip in my-env/bin. There’s no pip in ~/opt/py3/bin either. Well, that’s less than convenient. Ok. Deactivate the env:
and let’s install pip.
The pip install instructions say I must have Distribute installed to use pip with Python 3.x. Ok, I’ll just leisurely make sure it’s already installed and … I don’t see it anywhere. Fine, will install it:
cd ~/temp wget http://python-distribute.org/distribute_setup.py python3 distribute_setup.py
and now install pip:
wget https://raw.github.com/pypa/pip/master/contrib/get-pip.py python3 get-pip.py
OK! Now we should be ready to go! Let’s try again:
cd ~/temp/my-proj rm -fr my-env pyvenv my-env ls -l my-env/bin
pip is still not in there!
This is a problem. The main point of creating an env for a project is so I can install whatever sundry modules I want for it without clogging up the main Python’s site-packages dir.
Maybe at this point I’m supposed to install virtualenv and ignore pyvenv. I don’t know. But my guess is that by now many prospective Python 3 users will just assume 3.x is not ready, and go back to 2.x.
My conclusion: If you want to spur Python 3 adoption, Distribute and pip should be included with it.
Vinay Sajip created a helpful little script for creating a virtual environment and installing Distribute & pip into it. You use it in place of the
pyvenv which comes with Python 3.3.
First, make sure you have Python 3.3.x installed.
Then download the pyvenvex.py script from https://gist.github.com/4673395. Put it into your ~/bin (which I expect is on your PATH).
chmod +x it. Edit it, adding a shebang line to the top pointing to your python3 (which must be version 3.3.x). Mine says:
To use it:
cd ~/dev # or wherever mkdir my-proj cd my-proj pyvenvex.py my-env . my-env/bin/activate which pip # should point to the one in my-env/bin pip install WhateverYouNeed # work work work deactivate # when done
Very useful indeed! Thanks, Vinay!